There are some plant pests that are regulated by Canada even if they were not imported. These plant pathogens or pests require an Authorization for Use, regardless of where they were sourced. The list of regulated plant pests is found here. If you possess a plant pest listed in the "Plant Pests Regulated Under the Plant Protection Act", regardless of it source, you must apply for "Written Authorization For Use"
These imports are handled by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). It is important to know that imported animal products are evaluated for the RISK of containing animal pathogens, and animal products from " experimentally uninfected or healthy" animals are not necessarily assumed pathogen free. Imported animal products will have to be assessed for risk of pathogens and import permit requirements.
Animal by-products includes blood or any of its components, bones, bristles, feathers, flesh, hair, hides, hoofs, horns, offal, skins and wool, and any thing containing any of those things.
Animal products and animal by-products risk assessments are based on the species and location of origin. Do not assume that imported animal products from different locations will have the same import requirements.
Cell lines and lentivirus vectors are regulated based on the species origin (i.e. human or animal). CFIA regulates all parts of animal pathogens including any animal pathogen sequences found within human cell lines or lentivirus vectors. It is your responsibility to determine if your cell lines or lentivirus vectors contain animal pathogen sequences prior to notification through the BUP portal.
If you are importing cell lines or Risk Group 2 material through a distributor such as Cedarlane, the distributor will often import the material, and then transfers that material to you. They may send a number of documents for signatures or require a CFIA Containment Level 2 Compliance Letter. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org if additional documentation is requested by the distributor and we assist with completion.
Alien species are species of plants, animals (including fish),and micro-organisms introduced by human action outside their natural past or present distribution.
Invasive Alien Species are those harmful alien species whose introduction or spread threatens the environment, the economy, or society, including human health. If you wish to import plants, insects, animals or pathogens considered invasive alien species please contact email@example.com for further support.
Archaeological remains are those which were not previously alive i.e. not fossils. They may be pottery, metals, wood or other items. The concern for importing these items comes from their propensity to contain soil and plant pathogens found in soil. In this case it is imperative that the artifacts do not contain soil or plant material.
Paleontological remains are those which were previously alive i.e. are fossils. The concern for importing these items comes from the ability for fossils to contain live human or terrestrial animal pathogens, soil and plant pathogens found in soil.